If you need to increate the PHP processes such as maximum number of children, servers, spare servers or requests you can do this from the command line Based on blog post by Servers for Hackers I made this setup for servers running current PHP 8.1:
sudo sed -i "s/pm.start_servers = .*/pm.start_servers = 4/" /etc/php/8.1/fpm/pool.d/www.conf sudo sed -i "s/pm.min_spare_servers = .*/pm.min_spare_servers = 2/" /etc/php/8.1/fpm/pool.d/www.conf sudo sed -i "s/pm.max_spare_servers = .*/pm.max_spare_servers = 4/" /etc/php/8.1/fpm/pool.d/www.conf sudo sed -i "s/;pm.max_requests = .*/pm.max_requests = 1000/" /etc/php/8.1/fpm/pool.d/www.conf
This to deal with this error we had recently
[07-Oct-2022 03:59:00] WARNING: [pool www] seems busy (you may need to increase pm.start_servers, or pm.min/max_spare_servers), spawning 8 children, there are 0 idle, and 6 total children
When I check current max children and servers I found
forge@server-name:~/site.com/current$ cat /etc/php/8.1/fpm/pool.d/www.conf |grep max_children ; static - a fixed number (pm.max_children) of child processes; ; pm.max_children - the maximum number of children that can ; pm.max_children - the maximum number of children that pm.max_children = 20 forge@server-name:~/site.com/current$ cat /etc/php/8.1/fpm/pool.d/www.conf |grep start_servers ; pm.start_servers - the number of children created on startup. pm.start_servers = 2 forge@server:~/site.com/current$ cat /etc/php/8.1/fpm/pool.d/www.conf |grep pm.min_spare_servers ; pm.min_spare_servers - the minimum number of children in 'idle' pm.min_spare_servers = 1 forge@server:~/site.com.com/current$ cat /etc/php/8.1/fpm/pool.d/www.conf |grep pm.max_spare_servers ; pm.max_spare_servers - the maximum number of children in 'idle' pm.max_spare_servers = 3 forge@server:~/site.com/current$ cat /etc/php/8.1/fpm/pool.d/www.conf |grep pm.max_requests ;pm.max_requests = 500
so I realized it already had quite a number of concurrent child processes allowed but only two servers at the start.